Dashavatara: The Ten
Incarnations of Lord Venkateswara
The following are the 10
principle incarnations of LORD VISHNU in 4 YUGAS:
4 Avataaras in Krita Yuga (Matsya, Koorma,
Varaaha and Nrisimha)
3 Avataaras in Treta Yuga (Vaamana, Parasuraama and Sri Rama)
2 Avataaras in Dwaapara Yuga (Krishna and Buddha)
1 Avataara in Kali Yuga (the apocalyptic Kalki, yet to be)
Fish incarnation. This is The FIRST AVATARA of Lord Vishnu in Krita
He appeared in order to rescue the Vedas from the waters of devastation.
At the end of one of the Kalpas, after a
day's strenuous work, as nightfall was approaching Brahma felt sleepy. As
his eyelids closed and his mouth opened involuntarily for a yawn the Vedas
slipped out of his mouth without his noticing. But a demon by name Hayagriva
did not fail to notice this and hurried to devour the Vedas. Sri Vishnu who
is all pervading and omniscient observed this and decided to retrieve the
Vedas and restore them to Brahma to enable him to go ahead with his work of
creation during the next Kalpa (day break).
While Sri Vishnu could have wrested the Vedas
from the demon by his sheer will-power (Sankalpa), he chose to wait for
performing a two-in-one feat of conferring his blessings on a Bhakta,
SATYAVRATA by name while destroying the demon. As the deluge (Pralaya) was
near at hand, he decided to descend `down to earth' in the form of a `fish'
to accomplish both the tasks.
Satya Vrata was a great and good King. Once
he went to the river KRITAMALA for offering water (Argya) during Sandya
vandana. A small fish came into his hands as he cupped his palms to lift
water. He dropped it back in the water. But every time he lifted water the
fish was sure to get into his hands. The King left it in a tub but it grew
so fast that the tub could not hold it. The king transferred into a well,
pond, lake, river and finally the sea as it overgrew so rapidly that none of
them could contain it. Satyavrata was amazed, when the fish revealed himself
as Lord VISHNU. When the Lord asked the king what he wanted, he did not
desire anything for himself. He did not even want Moksha. All that he sought
was that even during the impending Pralaya; he should be instrumental in
saving the life of worthy souls from destruction.
The fish told him that on the 7th day from then a great deluge (Mahapralaya)
would take place when a severe tornado would rip through the Universe
and destroy it. But, if Satyavrata could muster herbs, seeds and a pick of
beings he wanted for the next Kalpa and keep ready, the fish would send a
spacious boat in which all of them as also the Saptarishis (7 sages) would
be accommodated and saved. The fish advised that Vasuki, the serpent should
be brought and used as a rope for fastening the boat to the horns of the
fish. Satyavrata did exactly as advised by the fish and the entire crew
was saved. As the boat sailed throughout the night of Brahma, Lord Vishnu
taught Satyavrata and the Saptarishis what is known as “Matsya Purana.”.
Thus, Vishnu saved true devotees from destruction and endowed them with
divine knowledge. During the 7 day waiting period the Lord in his gigantic
fish form sought after the demon Hayagriva, killed him in a straight fight
and retrieved the Vedas.
Thus, He accomplished the three tasks of
saving the righteous, destroying the demon and retrieving Vedas for
establishing Dharma. This SATYAVRATA later became the Manu during Chakshusha
Swami Sri Vedanta Desika calls this Avatar as `ICHA MEENA' in his Dasavatara
Stotra to indicate that the Lord took the form of a fish by his desire (Icha
Tortoise incarnation. This is HIS second Avatara in Krita Yuga.
He acted as a support for the mountain used in the pastime of churning the
By the grace of God, the Devas were living
happily and were resplendent with glory. Once sage Durvaasa went to the
abode of Sri Vishnu and offered obeisance to Sri Vishnu and Sri Mahalakshmi
(Consort of Sri Vishnu). He got a garland of Sri Mahalakshmi from a
Vidhyadhara damsel. Earlier, the divine mother was pleased with performance
of the damsel on Yazh, (a stringed musical instrument like harp) and had
gifted the garland to her.
While returning, Sage Durvasa passed through the Indraloka where Indra,
Lord of Devas was coming in a procession mounted on his elephant. Durvasa
offered the garland to Indra. Indra did not receive it with due respect but
plucked it with the Ankusa (a goad used to spur the elephant) and placed it
on the head of the elephant which promptly threw it down and trampled upon
it. The sage got angry at the callous behavior of Indra and instantly cursed
him and the Devas that all their glory and splendor would be lost and they
would become emaciated and shorn of their power. Even as the sage turned his
back, his curse started operating and the Devaloka lost its luster.
Indra went to Brahma who led the Devas to Sri Vishnu, the protector.
Lord Vishnu advised that they could reclaim their lost glory and strength
only if they drank the nectar of immortality which could be got only by
churning the milky ocean. But, how could they do it?
Lord Vishnu suggested that they lift mount Mandara and place it in mid-ocean
as a churn dashery using Vasuki, the serpent as a rope for turning it. But,
weak as they were, Devas could not even think of lifting the mountain. Lord
suggested that they make truce with the Asuras and enlist their support in a
joint venture! But, he also warned that the Devas should not desire any of
the things emerging from the ocean even if the Asuras forcibly took them.
They should not rest until the nectar appeared and he himself would ensure
that the Asuras did not snatch it.
Brahma returned to his Satyaloka and Indra set forth to the Capital of
Asuras for peace talks. The Asuras were pleased and agreed to participate
in the joint endeavor of lifting the mountain and churning.
As they tried to lift, the burden of the mountain was too much and many on
both sides got crushed. Lord Vishnu mounted the mountain on the back
of `Garuda' his carrier, who flew to the seashore and safely deposited the
mountain right at the center of the ocean. Vasuki was wound round Mandara.
The Asuras out of ego would not settle for the tail side. So, they
took charge of the head side of Vasuki, while the Devas had to make do with
the tail side.
As the churning began, the mountain wobbled as it had nothing to support and
began to sink. Immediately, Lord Vishnu took the form of a giant
sized tortoise, plunged into the ocean and emerged out with the mountain on
They churned now with ease. The first thing to appear was the deadly poison
called Halahala or Kalakuta (black poison) representing the impurities
of the ocean. The poison was so potent as to blind the eyes and
affect breathing. Responding to the prayer of the Devas and Asuras, Lord
Siva drank the poison. Parvati, his consort stopped the poison from
descending down the throat. Hence, Siva is also called NEELAKANTA
(Blue-throated). Then emerged SURABHI (the cow), VAARUNI (wine), KARPAKAM /
PARIJATHAM (a tree), APSARAS (nymphs) CHANDRA (moon), SRI (Mahalakshmi),
UCHAISRAVAS (the white sonorous steed), AIRAVATHAM'(Indra's elephant).
Finally, Lord DANVANTARI (the divine physician) who is none other than
another incarnation of Lord Vishnu appeared with a golden pitcher
with AMRUTHA (the nectar of immortality) - an elixir of life that can
prolong life indefinitely. (It is also believed to have the properties that
can change any base metal into gold) Both the Devas and Asuras were excited
and a fight royal ensued.
Lord Vishnu now took the form of a beautiful damsel, enticed the Asuras to
give up their fight and entrust to her the task of distributing of
nectar among them all, on condition that none would question her action.
Both sides agreed to the condition. The Mohini (bewitching damsel) started
distributing first to the row where Devas had seated. The Asuras waited for
their turn. But, by the time she completed serving the row occupied by the
Devas, there was not a drop of nectar left in the pitcher. Then, Mohini
appeared as Lord Vishnu, mounted on his Garuda and flew to his abode.
The Asuras were disappointed as they were charged on the Devas. But,
the rejuvenated Devas easily vanquished the emaciated Asuras and regained
their lost power and glory and the asuras were driven to Patala loka.
It will be seen that Lord Vishnu did everything. He advised them how to
get nectar, how to enlist support of their sworn enemies. He arranged to
the lift the mountain. He deliberately allowed the asuras to be on the
head-side of Vasuki which spouted poison and killed a number of asuras. He
held the mountain on his back to enable the churning. He took the form of
Danvantri and emerged with the pitcher of nectar. He again appeared as
Mohini to ensure Devas and deprive Asuras of a share in the nectar. Without
all this help, none of these could have happened and Devas would have been
languishing from the effects of the curse of Durvasa forever.
Sri Swami Desikan while describing this Avatara says "Vihara Katchapa"
meaning that Lord did all this in sport assuming the form of a tortoise. He
says that when the mountain moved during the churning, it looked as if it
gently scratched the back of the tortoise and relieved it of its itching and
in the relief so secured, the Lord actually felt sleepy. He imagines that as
the waves of the ocean rose and fell, it looked as if it were a swinging
'waterbed' on which the Lord enjoyed the swing.
Thirumangai Azhwar calls him a `GIRIDHARAN' meaning one who bore the
mountain in anticipation of a similar feat the Lord was to exhibit in a
subsequent Avatar as Krishna when he lifted the Govardhana Giri with his
the Wild Boar incarnation. This is HIS third Avatara in Krita Yuga.
He picked up the earth and killed the demon Hiranyaksha.
The Maanasa putras of Brahma viz. Sanaka,
Sanandana, Sanaatana and Sanatkumara – visited the abode of SRI NARYANA. At
the seventh entrance, the gate keepers, Jaya and Vijaya stopped them even
though they had the right to meet with the Lord without prior appointment.
Enraged at this, the RISHIS cursed them to be born in the world. The Lord
appeared and approved of the curse but since they were repentant, modified
the fiat by offering them to be born on three occasions as demons to be
killed by himself in his three future Avatars after which they could
re-enter the Kingdom of god.
It is these Jaya and Vijaya who were born as Hinanya-aksha (Golden eyed) and
Hiranya kasipu (Golden dressed) during the period of Varaaha and Nrisimha
Avatars respectively; Ravana and Kumbakarna during Rama Avatar and Sisupala
and Dantavaktra during Krishna Avatar and were killed by Lord Vishnu in the
respective Avatars after which they ascended the Kingdom of God.
In the first case, they were born to the sage KASYAPA and his wife THITHI.
It is believed that the disposition of progenies would be determined by the
time the parents united for procreation purposes. And, they were born with
demoniac traits as the couple united at an inauspicious time. The two demons
developed a hostile attitude towards Lord Vishnu and when sage NARADA
narrated a prognosis of the next Avatar of NRISIMHA, they vowed to hide the
earth under Patala so that they could prevent the manifestation of the Lord
on earth. They set about to conquer the Devas with their newfound power and
started tormenting virtuous souls. The Devas pleaded with Lord Vishnu, the
protector and preserver of the Universe. He assured them that he would do
Brahma was meditating on the Lord, when a tiny boar emerged from one of his
nostrils. Even as Brahma wondered what it was, the boar grew in size and
became as big as a huge mountain with a roar that reverberated through the
universe, it took a mighty leap into the air and plunged down into the ocean
and reached the fathomless Patala where mother earth (Bhumi Devi) was kept
concealed by the demons. Digging his tusk, the boar lifted Bhumidevi and
held her secure in its horn.
Hiranyaksha was itching for a fight and when
he confronted VARUNA, the latter pleaded inability to give a fight and
suggested that he call Lord Vishnu who alone would be match for the demon.
Hiranyaksha learned from Sage NARADA that Lord Vishnu had taken the form of
a boar and was seeking to salvage mother earth from the hideout.
Immediately, he rushed to charge the boar and hurled insults on the boar.
The boar, however, ignored all the taunts as it measured the earth with one
foot, in this Avatar; The Lord held the entire earth in His horn says POIGAI
THIRUMAZHISAI ALWAR calls the MAHAVARAHA
MURTHY as GNANAPIRAN. Other Alwars described him as BHUVARAHAN as the Lord
lifted BHU DEVI and ADHIVARAHAN since He is the primordial Iswara. It is
believed that this Avatar took place at the time of deluge ending the Padma
kalpa. ANDAL praised the Lord since out of his love for BHUMIDEVI; he did
not mind plunging into dirt and slime in order to retrieve her. To save
devotees, he will not hesitate to take even the lowliest of forms and the
form of the boar came only next to those of fish and tortoise. The same horn
which tore apart the demon, also held gently the mother earth.
Sri Swami Desikan in his Dasavatara stotra
extols this avatar as `MAHA POTRIN' referring to the gigantic size of the
-- the half-man, half-lion incarnation. This is His fourth
incarnation in Krita Yuga.
He appeared in order to save His young devotee Prahlada.
On learning of the death of his brother at
the hands of Lord Vishnu, Hiranyakasipu vowed to kill Bhagavan and his
devotees (Bhaagavatas) who were engaged in a Yaga. With this end in view, he
did penance propitiating Brahma and got several boons. That he should not be
killed by any created thing, on earth or sky, at night or day, inside or
outside, by man or beast, celestial beings or Asuras, by any poisonous
beings alive or dead or by any weapons.
He became invincible and commenced tormenting
all good people.When he was busy doing penance, Indra took away
Hiranyakasipu's wife, who was pregnant. Sage NARADA stopped him and
proceeded to explain to her the glory of MAHAVISHNU. The fetus growing in
the womb listened to the discourse of Sage NARADA and became an incorrigible
Bhakta of Sri VISHNU.On return from penance with all the boons he got from
proclaimed that he was himself God and nobody should pay obeisance to
VISHNU. When the baby was born to Hrianyakasipu, he was named PRAHLADA
meaning one that is supremely happy. When he came of age, PRAHLADA was sent
to the Gurukula of his preceptor SUKRACHARYA. Sukracharya tried to inculcate
the new syllabus of adoring Hrianyakasipu as God. However hard he tried,
Sukracharya could not divert the attention of PRAHLADA from his attachment
Having failed in his efforts, Sukracharya
complained to Hrianyakasipu who became angry with his son, roared and
threatened him. But, nothing would move PRAHLADA from his devotion and
determination to worship Lord Vishnu. When asked where from he got the
courage to defy, the son replied he got the strength from the All-powerful
He ordered PRAHLADA to be cut
asunder but only the weapon used got broken.
He had him cast away into the
ocean but the Lord of the ocean brought him unaffected.
He was hurled from top of a
mountain but the boy was saved by the gentle hands of Lord Vishnu.
He let snakes bite Prahlada but
the Lord who reclines on Adisesha saved the boy.
He ordered elephants to trample
He ordered the boy to be burnt by
But, Prahlada emerged unscathed
Hrianyakasipu became exasperated. Enraged,
Hrianyakasipu vowed to kill Vishnu and then Prahlada. He asked Prahlada
where Vishnu was and showed a pillar that was in his palace and asked if
Vishnu was in it. Prahlada replied in the affirmative and asked him to say
where He was.Hrianyakasipu kicked the pillar with a bang. With a resounding
crash the pillar cracked and, Lord Vishnu emerged from it in the form of
half-lion half- man to substantiate the words of Prahlada. On seeing a
creature that was neither human nor animal, Hrianyakasipu realized that it
could be none other than Lord Vishnu himself. Almost instantly NRISIMHA
seized him and crushed him in a close embrace but he slipped through his
hands, and charged him with a sword.By that time, dusk had arrived which was
neither day nor night, NRISIMHA carried the Asura to the doorstep where
under the arch of the doorway he sat laying the Asura on his lap. Thus, it
was neither earth nor sky, neither inside nor outside. NRISIMHA tore
Hrianyakasipu to death with his claws. Claw is not a weapon, one that was
neither alive nor dead.
Periyazhwar explains why he embraced Hrianyakasipu before killing him saying
that he was searching whether there was at least an iota of compassion
towards his son. Since he did not find any, he decided to kill the Asura.
Sri Swami Vedanta Desika while referring to
this AVATARA says, that the pillar in the ASURA'S palace had the luck which
other pillars elsewhere in the world did not enjoy because it was from there
Bhagavan emerged thus ending her sterility. He jocularly remarks that by
this, the pillar had become the grandmother of BRAHMA thus: Brahma is known
to be "Pithaamaha" Grandfather. Vishnu is his father. By giving birth to
Vishnu, the pillar had become Brahma's grandmother. He calls this Avatar
"YADRUCHA HARE" meaning that the Lord appeared instantly and no preparations
were made by him for his incarnation.
That the Lord exhibited both his wrath and
grace all at the same time is very well brought out in the Sloka 'Satapatala
Bheeshane' in Swami Sri Vedanta Desika's Kamasika Ashtakam. When asked how
it was possible that the two incompatible emotions could be perceived in the
same personality all at once, Emperumanar is reported to have replied that
the lioness even when pouncing on its prey, the elephant, would continue to
breast feed with love its calf.
Dwarf incarnation. This was HIS First Avatara in Treta Yuga.
He tricked the demon king Bali into relinquishing control of the universe.
MAHABALI, the grandson of PRAHLADA was a
virtuous king. He performed a sacrifice called `VISWAJIT' (conquest of the
worlds) meaning that which bestows mastery over the three worlds. From out
of the sacrificial fire arose a golden chariot, armor and a coat of arms.
Donning them, he set out on a `DIGVIJAYA' (Conquest of the directions). With
the help of SUKRACHARYA his preceptor, he drove Indra and Devas to the
nether world and occupied MAYAVATHI, the capital of Indra. BRIHASPATI
counseled Indra to wait. Nothing could be done and MAHABALI would fall only
if and when his preceptor cursed him for disobeying his command a situation
that could be contrived only by Lord VishNu.
Kaasyapa Rishi had another wife by name ADITI who was the mother of Devas.As
the banishment of Devas took place at a time when KASYAPA had gone out for
meditation, she awaited his arrival. And, when he returned she narrated the
happenings. KASYAPA and ADITI performed a `PAYOVRATA' - (penance for 12 days
when the sacrificers could drink only milk). This was done to propitiate SRI
VISHNU. Vishnu was pleased and appeared before them and told that he would
be born as the youngest son of ADITI and would help in restoring the glory
of Indra. Accordingly he was born during a bright fortnight of the month
Bhadrapada. The baby immediately grew up to be a short statured Brahmin
Brahmachari (celibate) called VAMANA.
This Brahmachari entered the sacrificial grounds of BALI who was performing
Aswamedha (horse sacrifice). He was resplendent and shone like a thousand
Suryas. Bali was amazed, received him with due honors and requested what he
wanted - cows, elephants, horses, gold, chariots and promised that he would
give whatever VAAMANA wanted. Vaamana said that he did not desire any of
these but wanted that much of land as measured by three steps in his stride.
BALI readily agreed and asked his wife to bring water for consecrating water
in his palm. His Guru, Sukracharya realized that it is only Lord VishNu who
had come in the garb of a Brahmachari and prevailed upon BALI to retract
from his promise. But, Bali insisted saying that if Lord VishNu himself were
to seek alms from him, there could no greater glory for him and he would not
Sukracharya became angry and cursed him that he would soon fall from his
high position. And, SRI VISHNU was waiting exactly for this moment. Soon
after the consecration VAAMANA grew and grew so tall that all those who
witnessed were amazed to witness such a phenomenon. Vaamana became
TRIVIKRAMA and began to measure the three paces. By the first he strode like
a colossus and covered the earth. By the second, he measured the Heavens.
And, asked BALI where was he to measure by the third pace. BALI bowed low to
Vishnu and prayed VIKRAMA to place his foot on his head. Lord VishNu sent
him to Sutala to rule there and thereafter to enjoy for a whole Manvantara,
the position of Indra.
The three steps are compared by a commentator
to three fiery manifestations of the Lord Viz., Flame, Lightning and the
Sun-the flame ablaze the terrestrial sphere, the lightning illuminating the
atmospheric sphere and the Sun darting across the celestial sphere.
Thus, in this Avatar the God of majesty and power took a dwarf's stature,
begged MAHABALI on behalf of his devotee, Indra and at the same time ensured
MAHABALI, Lordship of the Sutala, the nether world and thereafter the
position of the next Indra in Savarni Manvanthra. It is believed the Lord is
still guarding the palace of MAHABALI and had conferred immortality to
MAHABALI in recognition and appreciation of his steadfastness in upholding
Swami Vedanta Desika describes this Avatar as
`Raksha Vaamana" - Vaamana whose only objective is protecting those who
surrender to him. Indra surrendered and on his behalf he took a lowly form
of a dwarf. As MAHABALI surrendered to God when he bowed before the Lord,
the Lord assumed the role of a watchman to guard his palace. Since he did
not desire to dishonor MAHABALI, the grandson of an ardent devotee,
Prahlada, He stooped even to beg of him three paces of earth and desisted
from wresting earth by force. Also, Bhagavaan had promised to Prahlada that
he would not kill any of his family members or descendants. So, he had to
avert a fight, which would have entailed Mahaabali's death. The only way he
could wrest earth was begging and begging for a living was the prescribed
vocation for a Brahmin especially a Brahmachari. Thus, he protected both
Indra and Mahaabali without bloodshed.
An interesting point which is little known is
that when Mahaabali once complained to his grandfather, Prahlada about the
decline in the prosperity of his kingdom, Prahlada told him that it was due
to the disrespect shown by Mahaabali to the Lord. Mahaabali asked arrogantly
who this Vishnu that stood in his way was. Prahlada could not bear to hear
such a haughty reply and cursed Mahaabali that he would soon be banished
from his kingdom. Sukracharya's curse only added fuel to the fire of the
curse of Prahlada. Together, the two curses brought the downfall of
Though, in fact, Lord VishNu (the rightful lord of the Universe) was only
reclaiming what belonged to him and in the process seemed to check up the
measurements since he did it by begging alms- considered an unedifying act,
he shrank and looked dwarfish and small - all as a supplicant before
MAHABALI who looked great as a bestower - a fact that had to be recognized.
ANDALL refers him as "ONGI ULAGALANDA
UTHAMAN' - the noble one who measured the earth by assuming gigantic
proportions - to prove that he measured his own property.
Who is a “Uthaman”? One who helps others
expecting a ‘quid pro quo’ is an “adhaman”. One who helps without expecting
anything in return is a ‘madhyaman’. One who beliitles himself, not minding
the dishonor to one’s
self, yet goes out to help others is “Uthaman”. Here the Lord belittled
Himself to help both Indra and Mahaabali. Hence, He is “Uthaman”.
Even as pilot goes before a VIP, the foot of Trivikrama when it reached the
high heavens proclaimed the glory of MAHABALI'S bounty
the Warrior incarnation. This was HIS second incarnation in Treta
He wiped out twenty-one generations of impious kings.
KARTHAVEERYARJUNA, the ruler of HEHAYA was a
great king. He got boons from Datta Aatreya and other deities to become
invincible. Puffed with ego due to the newfound powers acquired by him, he
became tyrannical and began tormenting every one. Once, he even tried to
confront Ravana, the ruler of Lanka but was defeated and so he made truce
with him. With a thousand arms, with weapons and power, with a powerful ally
in Ravana, nothing could stop him from his evil ways.
It is to quell Karthaveerya and his ilk and
to protect the righteous from his claws that Lord Vishnu descended down to
earth and was born as BHARGAVA RAMA the youngest of the five sons of
Jamadagni and Renuka. Jamadagni's father was RISHIKAN who married a
Kshatriya girl SATYAVATI, daughter of one KHADI. Because of this Varna
sangaraha (mixing up of castes) and other circumstances, BHARGAVA Rama
though born as a Brahmin exhibited Kshatriya traits and had a liking for
weapons, archery etc. Indeed, his favorite weapon was an axe, which he got
as a gift from Siva. Parasu means Axe. Hence, he was called PARASU RAMA.
Once, when the five brothers had gone out, Karthaveeryaarjuna entered the
hermitage of Jamadagni and demanded food for himself and his retinue. With
the help of Kaamadhenu, Jamadagni got food prepared for the host of guests.
Karthaveerya knowing this demanded Kaamadhenu. But, Jamadagni would not part
with it. The king forcibly took away the cow and the calf.
When PARASU RAMA learnt of the incident, he marched towards MAHISHMATI, the
capital of the king. The king dispatched 17 battalions of Ratha (Chariots)
Gaja (elephantry), Turaga (Cavalry) and Pathadhi (infantry) each one called
an Akshouhini. Single-handed, PARASURAMA destroyed the entire lot and then
cut off the thousand arms of Kaarthaveerya and killed him with his axe.
Retrieving Kaamadhenu and her calf, he returned to the hermitage where life
was proceeding peacefully for some time.
On another occasion, Renuka who went to fetch
water from a nearby river happened to see some celestial Devas playing.
Since her attention was distracted, it became too late when she returned
with the water required. Jamadagni got angry and asked his sons to behead
her. But, none would carry out his commands. Then PARASU RAMA entered. When
his father ordered him to behead not only Renuka but also his brothers,
without hesitation, PARASU RAMA carried out the orders. Pleased, the father
asked what boons he wanted.
All that PARASU RAMA wanted was that his mother and brothers should come
alive and be oblivious of whatever had happened. Jamadagni granted the boon
and they did come alive and life was again peaceful at the hermitage. But,
not for long.
Kaarthaveerya's sons stormed the hermitage to avenge the death of their
father Only Jamadagni and Renuka were there at that time, Ignoring the
pleadings of Renuka, they cut off the head of Jamadagni who was deep in
meditation. Renuka was beside with grief and was crying aloud as PARASU RAMA
returned. She beat her breast 21 times. PARASU RAMA vowed that he would wipe
out 21 generations of Kshatriyas and proceeded to do the `Samskaras' for his
father. Jamadagni gained the realm of the seven Rishis (Saptarishi
mandalam). PARASU RAMA carried out his vow, wrested the land and properties
of Kshatriyas and finally gave them away to sage KASYAPA and retired to the
southwest corner of India. Swami Sri Vedanta Desika describes him as 'ROSHA
RAMA' (Indignant Rama)
When, Parasu Rama confronted Dasaratha who was returning from Mithila after
the wedding of Rama and Sita, RAMA the AVATAR took back all the powers of
PARASURAMA since the purpose of PARASURAMA AVATAR was completed.
Parasurama threw his axe into the western ocean. The ocean receded upto the
point where the axe fell and the land so reclaimed is known as Parasurama
Kshetram. Scholars say that modern Kerala is this Kshetram.
This Avatar is not a direct Avatar. Lord Vishnu entered the soul of a
Brahmin son of Jamadagni (By Avesa or Anupravesa). Of the 10 Avatars, except
Parasurama avatar all the others are Amsa avatars (i.e.) direct descent of
the incarnation as a Perfect King, hero of the Ramayana, the third
incarnation of LORD VISHNU in Treta Yuga.
He rescued his wife, Sita, from the clutches of the demon Ravana.
He was “The Prince charming-the personification of
As most of our readers would be aware of the
story of Ramayana, we do not propose to retell the story.
Gautama Buddha is mentioned as an Avatar of Vishnu in the Puranic texts of
Hinduism. In the Bhagavata Purana he is twenty fourth of twenty five
avatars, prefiguring a forthcoming final incarnation. A number of Hindu
traditions portray Buddha as the most recent of ten principal avatars, known
as the "Dasavatara" (Ten Incarnations of God).
However, Siddhartha gautama's teaching's do not confirm the existence of the
Creator God and consequently Buddhism falls under one of the nastika
(godless) schools according to other Dharmic schools, such as Dvaita. Other
schools, such as Advaita, are very similar to Buddhism in nature and
The God of
love and the ideal becomes intimate union and communion with the incarnate
God, both in His timeless essence and in His ceaseless beneficent activity
in the world of action.
In KRISHNA Avatar, Lord Vishnu incarnates
himself as KRISHNA, the central character in the epic MAHABHARATA. In the
biggest epic of Indian mythology a myriad of topics are covered, including
war, love, brotherhood, politics etc. It is essentially the story of two
warring groups of cousin brothers, the PANDAVAs and the KAURAVAs. As a part
of the Mahabahrata, during the war KRISHNA, gives a long discourse to his
disciple ARJUNA, collectively termed as Bhagvad-Gita.
After the Gita, popular Hinduism becomes
predominantly a religion of love.
As in the case of RAMA AVATAR, most of our
readers would be familiar with the story of Krishna, his childhood pranks
and exploits and his role as GEETHACHARYA at the battlefield of KURUKSHETRA.
We do not propose to give the details of this AVATAR.
-- the incarnation of Destroyer. The
Last Avatara of Lord Vishnu in this world. He will incarnate to wipe
out the degraded population at the end of this age, the age of Kali or
The first nine of these incarnations have
already appeared. The tenth, Kalki, is scheduled to appear at the end of
this age, about 427,000 years from now.
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